Uttar Pradesh General Elections are scheduled to happen in 7 phases from April 11th to 19th of May. The state has a total of 80 Lok Sabha seats of which Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP) holds 71, Indian National Congress (INC) holds 2, Samajwadi Party (SP) holds 5, and Apna Dal holds 2. The major players in the state are BJP, INC, Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), and SP.
A Grand Alliance with the name “Mahagathbandhan (MGB)” involving national and regional parties – BSP, SP, RLD, Loktantra Suraksha Party (RLP) of Haryana, Punjabi Ekta Party (PEP), Lok Insaaf Party (LIP), and Punjab Front (PF) of Punjab, CPI (State Level), and Revolutionary Marxist Party of India (State Level), Janta Congress Chhattisgarh of Chattisgarh, Gondwana Ganatantra Party of Madhya Pradesh, and Jana Sena Party of Andhra Pradesh/ Telangana has been formed by BSP’s President Kumari Mayawati recently. The alliance has been formed as an anti-BJP and anti-Congress political alliance aimed at taking down the national parties in 2019 General Elections.
MGB in UP involves the Samajwadi Party (SP), BSP, and Rashtriya Lok Dal (RLD). Pragatisheel Samajwadi Party (Lohiya) (PSP(L)) and Jan Adhikari Party (JAP) are fairly new political Parties founded in 2018 and 2015 respectively. PSP is formed by Former Cabinet Minister of UP Shivpal Singh Yadav after his retrieval from SP in 2018. JAP is a political party from Bihar, whose founder and President is Pappu Yadav aka Rajesh Ranjan, an MP from Madhepura. While PSP (L) is a part of the grand alliance, JAP is in alliance with UPA.
MGB alliance BSP is contesting in 38 seats, SP is contesting in 37and RLK is contesting in 3. The New party PSP (L) is contesting in 31 seats with its founder Shivpal Singh contesting from Ferozabad. Most of the opinion polls conducted by major media organizations have put MGB ahead of NDA in this year’s elections. The alliance was deemed effective against both the National parties on the ground level by The Economic Times. Whether it will prove effective in UP, only time will tell.
Of the seven phases, phase 1 elections took place on April 11th in Saharanpur, Kairana, Muzaffarnagar, Bijnor, Meerut, Baghpat, Ghaziabad, Gautam Buddha Nagar. The state witnessed 64% voter turnout in phase 1 elections and 58.12% in the second phase that had happened on April 18th in Nagina, Amroha, Bulandshahr, Aligarh, Hathras, Mathura, Agra, and Fatehpur Sikri.
The third phase of Uttar Pradesh Elections 2019 happened on April 23rd in Moradabad, Rampur, Sambhal, Firozabad, Mainpuri, Etah, Badaun, Aonla, Bareilly, and Pilibhit. Though a few complaints of EVM Malfunctioning have arisen, the voting went peacefully in all the areas.
Fourth Phase elections are scheduled on 29th April in Shahjahanpur, Kheri, Hardoi, Misrikh, Unnao, Farrukhabad, Etawah, Kannauj, Kanpur, Akbarpur, Jalaun, Jhansi, and Hamirpur. The fifth phase elections are scheduled on 6th of May in Dhaurahra, Sitapur, Mohanlalganj, Lucknow, Raebareli, Amethi, Banda, Fatehpur, Kaushambi, Barabanki, Faizabad, Bahraich, Kaiserganj, and Gonda. The Sixth and seventh phase elections are scheduled on May 12th in Sultanpur, Pratapgarh, Phulpur, Allahabad, Ambedkar Nagar, Shrawasti, Domariyaganj, Basti, Sant Kabir Nagar, Lalganj, Azamgarh, Jaunpur, Machhlishahr, and on May 19th in Bhadohi and Maharajganj, Gorakhpur, Kushi Nagar, Deoria, Bansgaon, Ghosi, Salempur, Ballia, Ghazipur, Chandauli, Varanasi, Mirzapur, and Robertsganj districts.